Moving to Mallorca
Expats moving to Mallorca will find few destinations more desirable or effortless than this, the largest of the four Balearic islands of Spain. Since the fifties the Mediterranean island has proved a magnet for tourists and this has created a sound and safe infrastructure benefiting both visitors and residents alike.
The capital of Palma, home to nearly 50 percent of the 800,000 population, has grand architectural sites, art galleries, shops and museums. It also provides excellent international schools, private and state hospitals and transport links, with most European capitals reached by air within two hours.
Despite Spain’s troubled economy, Mallorca remains reasonably buoyant thanks to its thriving tourism industry, which accounts for approximately 80 percent of the island’s income. Construction and agriculture – particularly potato and almond production for export – represent the island’s other main industries. For this reason most expat employment is to be found in tourism and related service businesses.
The islanders speak Mallorquí, a dialect of Catalan although all speak Castilian Spanish with many understanding English, German and French.
The joy of living in Mallorca, an island steeped in history, is that the climate is typically Mediterranean with dry hot summers and cool, wet winters, and it offers a fantastic variety of landscapes. From the furrowed and imposing Tramuntana mountain range in the northwest – now a UNESCO heritage site – to the Llevant hills in the east, the scenery is both wild and gentle with orchards and ancient stone terraces laden with olive, almond and fruit trees.
The sunny southwest coast attracts the greatest number of expat residents, particularly for its well-maintained and golden beaches, although those seeking a more authentic, rural existence choose the agricultural central Es Pla, or the north and east of the island.
Property prices and the cost of living are relatively high, partly because of Mallorca’s island status but also because it is increasingly becoming a destination that attracts affluent holidaymakers, yachties and new five-star hotel developers. All the same, the likes of Magaluf and Arenal remain value for money resorts for younger visitors.
Mallorca has a long and turbulent history from prehistoric times through to Roman and Moorish reigns culminating with the Kings of Aragon and Spanish rule. Culturally the island is famous for its Talaiotic settlements, Myotragus ‘mouse-goat’ – now extinct for 3,000 years – and for its lively traditional folklore, fiestas and local gastronomy, as well artistic and literary heritage. The English poet Robert Graves set up home in the celebrated village of Deia in the northwest, and Frederick Chopin and his lover, George Sand, once spent an uncomfortable winter in the mountain village of Valldemossa. Many celebrities flock to this area of the island for its natural beauty, tranquility, orchards brimming with oranges and lemons and its rugged coastline. Despite its small scale, Mallorca has an efficient railway network and a historic train that runs from Palma to the hidden valley of Soller in the northwest.
Culinary delights include the snail shaped, ensaimada pastry, a throwback to Moorish times, almond cake, and the famed sobrasada sausage, cured with paprika and spices. Mallorca is also developing viticulture of a very high quality.